Canon EOS 4000D
Ergonomics and workmanship
As befits the entry-level “entry-level” camera, the EOS 4000D has a housing with a haptic experience that can only be created by cheap-looking plastic. The rubberized handle is easy to grip, but the rubber coating itself is not glued flush, obviously this is part of the design of the camera. This feels strange and is unusual with Canon’s otherwise cleanly finishing rubber linings. On the back, there is no rubber coating at all, but only the anatomically shaped thumb cavity to be able to grip the camera better.
The red pen has also hit the controls. The dedicated on/off switch has fallen victim to this as well as printed buttons. On the EOS 4000D, all button labels are located next to the buttons on the case and not on the buttons themselves as is customary (e.g. on the 2000D). The mode dial at the top of the camera serves as an on/off switch in addition to selecting the operating mode. In addition, it is very tight, which reduces the risk of accidental changeover. The shutter release has a well noticeable pressure point.
On the back there is a 2.7″ small LCD monitor with a rather “coarse” resolution and immovable. This achieves the rather meager light output of 363 cd/m², which corresponds to about 50 percent of the performance offered by the EOS 2000D monitor. This is too little for reasonable readability in bright sunlight. As already with the EOS 2000D, the monitor of the EOS 40000D also has no touch function. Nevertheless, the settings in the menu and during shooting are quick and easy to make using the speed buttons on the back and the rotary knob near the shutter release button.
The viewfinder belongs to the pentascope viewfinders. This type of viewfinder is much cheaper to produce than, for example, elaborately ground pentaprism viewfinders. The disadvantage of the mirror viewfinder is the poorer brightness and the reduced image field coverage. In the case of the EOS 4000D, the latter is about 95%. Especially spectacle wearers have to get used to this type of viewfinder, especially as the camera does not offer diopter compensation and is therefore not able to compensate for small visual defects.
While the tripod thread on the underside of the camera is made of metal, the lens bayonet is made of plastic. The flash shoe on top of the camera is also made of metal. However, Canon has also deleted the possibility of using flashguns with pure center contact ignition. Canon TTL flashguns can be used naturally. In addition, there is a small, manually fold-out flash unit with a guide number of ten (ISO 100, 1 m).
The “connecting terminal” of the 4000D can be found on the right-hand side, i.e. the handle. The mini-USB and mini-HDMI jacks are protected by a rather cheap looking plastic cover. The camera uses the LP-E10 lithium-ion battery for power supply and SD form factor cards as memory cards. The memory card and the battery share a metal reinforced cover flap on the underside of the camera. At just 622 grams, the EOS 4000D is a few grams lighter than its “big” sister, the EOS 2000D, but has almost identical dimensions.
Equipment and equipment
In addition to the usual semi-automatic and manual modes, the camera also has an automatic program. In addition, if the photographer is not sure how to take a picture of the subject, he or she can activate auto-scene and the camera makes all the necessary shooting and image processor settings. If you already know what you want to photograph, take one of the six motif programs and tell the camera from the beginning what the motifs are. The photographer then has a little more influence on creative automation. Shooting settings cannot be made directly in this mode. Instead, the photographer can choose whether a background should be more sharp or blurred and he can choose whether a picture style should be applied to the image.
Picture Styles are settings for the image processor that control certain aspects of the image such as sharpness, contrast, color saturation, and hue. By default, the Picture Styles are determined automatically. The photographer can also manually select his desired Picture Style if, for example, monochrome shots are to be taken. In addition, there are three storage locations where the photographer can save his own styles, but also the default Picture Styles can be customized.
In addition to the USB and HDMI interfaces already mentioned, the camera has a WLAN function. This allows the camera to be connected to a smart device. Prerequisite is that the Canon Camera Connect App is installed on the device. The app is available for Android and Apple iOS free of charge. With the coupled smart device, the photographer can remotely control the camera including the Live View function. In addition, the app can log position data on the smart device and subsequently transfer them to the images. It is not possible to integrate the camera into a WLAN network.
In addition to photos, the EOS 4000D can also record videos with a maximum of 1,920 x 1,080 pixels (full HD) and 25 frames per second. However, the camera does not have a 4K video or high-speed video function. Like the EOS 2000D, the 4000D has no tracking autofocus in Live View. This means that the photographer must either manually adjust the sharpness during shooting or the autofocus must be measured again and again. Of course, the background noise of the slow AF system also reaches the recording, even if the sound is only recorded via a mono microphone.
Appropos Autofocus: In its entry-level segment, Canon relies on the rather “aged” DIGIC 4+ image processor – other cameras already work with the DIGIC 7 or 8 processor. In addition to the actual image processing functions, the processor also controls the exposure metering, the programs and much more. Among other things also the autofocus. Since contrast AF is not inherently one of the fastest measurement methods, the combination of DIGIC 4+ and contrast AF becomes a really slow process. The telephoto and wide-angle camera takes 3.7 and 3.9 seconds, respectively, to focus the image. The autofocus works much faster if the Live View mode is not used. Here, the times are reduced to about 0.39 seconds in the wide-angle range and 0.37 seconds in the telephoto range. Alternatively, the photographer can focus manually. Then the release delay is between 0.08 and 0.12 seconds. With a little practice, manual focusing is faster than Live View autofocus and is also very easy to use thanks to the switchable magnifying glass. A focus peaking function is unfortunately not available and the “slabbery” looking focus ring of the set lens also makes precise manual focusing unnecessarily difficult.
This part of our test report was based on our own test.
We tested the 18 megapixel EOS 4000D with the set lens EF-S 18-55 mm 3.5-5.6 III. The lens shows the performance you can expect from a set lens. The drop in sharpness is limited over the entire focal length. As expected, the sharpness at open aperture and at very high aperture numbers in the telephoto range is worse than the middle aperture. Also the edge darkening does not surprise. This is highest in wide angle with open aperture and lowest in medium focal length with aperture 16. The distortion is clearly barrel-shaped in wide angle and somewhat cushion-shaped in medium and telephoto focal length. Cross chromatic aberrations are visible in all focal length ranges and decrease when the aperture is closed. The resolution of the camera-lens combination reaches its highest wide-angle resolution at aperture 5.6 with 58.7 line pairs per mm. Thus, the EOS 4000D is wafer-thin ahead of the EOS 2000D.
The signal-to-noise ratio is measured in decibels and indicates the distance between the picture signal and the interference signal. The higher the value, the more clearly the two signals are separated. The critical limit is 35 dB. This is “torn” by the camera at ISO 800. Visual loss of detail occurs above ISO 1,600. The quality of the image noise is very fine-grained to normal-grained in higher ISO ranges. The brightness noise is hardly visible up to ISO 1.600. In addition, it is increasing rapidly. The annoying color noise is also visible in the higher ISO levels.
The texture sharpness shows a slight over-sharpening by the image processor. However, this is within the limits and does not offer any reason for complaint. With increasing ISO values, the texture sharpness also decreases slowly. From ISO 1.600 the images become visibly blurred. The input dynamic, i.e. the contrast range that the camera can handle, reaches a good value with a maximum of eleven f-stops. In tonal value transmission, it is evident that the images have been taken for immediate use, which is supported by the clearly raised mid-tones. The output tonal values are also good up to about ISO 1,000 and remain acceptable beyond that.
The colour display of the camera also shows that the images are designed for immediate use. Magentate tones are softened and orange is slightly pulled into the red area. Green tones are also somewhat softened. This makes faces more pleasing to the eye and landscape shots should also benefit from the changes. The color deviation of the 4000D is small and the actual color depth is in a good range up to ISO 1,600. If the photographer wants to gain more control over color, brightness and sharpness, he should use the raw data format.
The EOS 4000D is exactly what it’s supposed to be. A very inexpensive entry-level camera with real basic equipment. The built-in WLAN leaves the impression that you are holding a really modern camera in your hand. But this impression is completely destroyed by the slow Live View autofocus. The monitor on the back also doesn’t leave a particularly modern impression with its low resolution. The quality of the workmanship is fine, but is below average for Canon. The “touch feeling” is not pleasant and even the protruding rubber coating does not make a good impression. However, the handling of the camera is easy and the menu navigation is, as expected, easy to internalize. The image quality is fine, but could certainly be a lot better with a higher quality lens. If the photographer has to decide between the EOS 4000D and the EOS 2000D, then the small price difference should not be an obstacle to choosing the “larger” EOS 2000D.
|Sensor||CMOS APS-C 22.5 x 15.0 mm (crop factor 1.6
)18.7 megapixels (physical)
18.0 megapixels (effective)
|Pixel pitch||4.3 µm|
|Resolution (max.)||5.184 x 3.456 (3:2)|
|Video (max.)||1.920 x 1.080 30p|
|Lens||Canon EF-S 18-55 mm 3.5-5.6 III (zoom lens)|
|Reflex viewfinder||Mirror viewfinder, 95 percent image field coverage, 0.8x magnification (sensor-related), 0.50x magnification (KB equivalent), 21 mm eye distance, without diopter correction, fixed focusing screen|
|Monitor||2,7″ (6,8 cm)|
|AV connector||HDMI output Mini (Type C), USB/AV output|
|Automatic motif control||yes|
|Bulb long time exposure||yes|
|Exposure metering||Matrix/multi-field measurement (63 fields), center-weighted integral measurement, spot measurement|
|fastest shutter speed||1/4.000 s|
|Lightning bolt||built-in flash|
|Synchronous time||1/200 s|
|Flash connection||Flash shoe: Canon|
|GPS||external, smartphone as GPS logger|
|Remote release||yes, remote control via Smartphone/Tablet|
SD (SDHC, SDXC)
|Number of measuring fields||91 Cross sensors8
|Speed||Phase auto focus: 0.37 s to 0.39 sLive View auto focus
: 3.72 s to 3.92 s
|AF auxiliary light||Flash salvo|
|Dimensions (mm)||129 x 102 x 77 mm|
|Weight (ready for operation)||436 g (housing only
)642 g (with lens)
|Tripod socket||in optical axis|
|Zoom adjustment||manual on lens|
|Battery life||500 images (according to CIPA standard)|
|– = “not applicable” or “not available”|
This test of the Canon EOS 4000D with Canon EF-S 18-55 mm 3.5-5.6 III was done with DxO Analyzer from DxO Labs.
- Simple menu navigation
- Extensive range of accessories
- Low weight
- Good image quality
- Cheap looking housing
- Very slow live view autofocus
- Low resolution monitor
- No 4K video function
Canon EOS 4000D Datasheet
|Sensor||CMOS sensor APS-C 22.5 x 15.0 mm (crop factor 1.6
)18.7 megapixels (physical) and 18.0 megapixels (effective)
|Pixel pitch||4.3 µm|
|Picture formats||JPG, RAW|
|Colour depth||24 bits (8 bits per color channel), 42 bits (14 bits per color channel)|
|Metadata||Exif (version 2.3), DCF standard|
|Maximum recording time||29 min 59 sec|
|Autofocus mode||Phase comparison autofocus with 9 sensors, one cross sensor and 8 line sensors, autofocus working range from 0 EV to 18 EV, contrast autofocus|
|Autofocus Functions||Single autofocus, Continuous autofocus, Area autofocus, Tracking autofocus, Manual, AFL function, AF assist light (flash volley), Focus magnifier (10x)|
|Focus control||Depth of field control, dimming button|
Viewfinder and Monitor
|Reflex viewfinder||Reflex viewfinder (95 % image coverage), 21 mm eye relief with 0.8x magnification (0.5x KB-equiv.)|
|Monitor||2.7″ (6.8 cm) TFT LCD monitor with 230,000 pixels, viewing angle 170°, brightness adjustable|
|Exposure metering||Center-weighted integral measurement, matrix/multi-field measurement over 63 fields, spot measurement (measurement over 10 % of the image field), AF-AE coupling|
|Exposure times||1/4,000 to 30 s (automatic
)1/4,000 to 30 s (manual)
|Exposure control||Fully automatic, Program automatic, Aperture automatic, Time automatic, Manual|
|Bracketing function||Bracket function with maximum 3 shots, step size from 1/3 to 2 EV|
|Exposure compensation||-5.0 to +5.0 EV with step size from 1/3 to 1/2 EV|
|Sensitivity to light||ISO 100 to ISO 6.400 (automatic
)ISO 100 to ISO 12.800 (manual)
|Remote access||Remote triggering, remote control via Smartphone/Tablet|
|Motives||Automatic, Landscape, Night Portrait, Close-up, Portrait, Food, Sports/Action|
|Picture effects||Fisheye, miniature effect, monochrome, toy camera, blur, 8 picture styles|
|White balance||Auto, Cloudy, Sun, White balance bracket, Fine-tune, Shadow, Flash, Fluorescent lamp, Incandescent lamp, Manual 1 memory locations|
|Color space||Adobe RGB, sRGB|
|Continuous shooting||Continuous shooting function max. 3.0 frames/s at highest resolution and max. 1,110 stored photos, 6 RAW images in succession|
|Self-timer||Self-timer at intervals of 2 s, special features: or 10 s (optional)|
|Shooting functions||AEL function, AFL function, live histogram|
|Lightning bolt||built-in flash (hinged
)flash shoe: Canon
|Flash range||Flash sync time 1/200 s|
|Flash number||Guide number 9 (ISO 100)|
|Flash functions||Auto, Fill Flash, Flash On, Flash Off, Slow Sync, Flash On Second Shutter Curtain, Red-Eye Reduction, Flash Exposure Compensation from -2.0 EV to +2.0 EV|
Equipment and equipment
|Image stabilizer||no optical image stabilizer|
SD (SDHC, SDXC)
|GPS function||GPS external (Smartphone as GPS-Logger)|
|Power supply||Power supply connection|
|Power supply||1 x Canon LP-E10 (lithium ion (Li-Ion), 7.4 V, 950 mAh
)500 CIPA-standard images
|Playback Functions||Crop images, rotate images, protect images, highlight / shadow warning, playback histogram, playback magnifier with 10.0x magnification, image index, slide show function, zoom out|
|Face recognition||Face recognition|
|Picture parameters||Sharpness, Contrast, Saturation, Noise Reduction|
|Special functions||Electronic spirit level, Grid can be displayed, Orientation sensor, Live View, User profiles with 1 user profile and 10 options|
|Ports||Data interfaces: USBUSB type
:USB 2.0 High SpeedWLAN
|AV connectors||AV output: HDMI output Mini (Type C), USB/AV output Audio input
: no Audio output
|Supported direct printing methods||Canon Direct Print, PictBridge|
|Tripod socket||1/4″ in optical axis|
|Features and Miscellaneous||DIGIC-4+ Signal Processor Simultaneous
JPEG and RAW Recording PossibleAuto
Lighting Optimizer (4 Settings)
ISO 100-6400 for Video CaptureVignetting Correction
(20 Profiles Can Be Stored)
|Technical information||The camera is one of the first Canon models to do without a flash shoe that is compatible with a central contact.|
Size and weight
|Dimensions W x H x D||129 x 102 x 77 mm|
|Weight||436 g (ready for operation)|
|included accessories||Canon eyecup Ef (eyecup
)Canon IFC-130U USB cableCanon
LC-E10E Charger for special batteriesCanon
LP-E10 special batteryCanon
RF-3 (housing cover)
Software: Raw Processing Digital Photo Professional, EOS Utility
|optional accessory||Canon ACK-E10 Power Supply UnitCanon
LP-E10 Special Battery
WLAN/PTP vulnerability found in 32 Canon digital cameras: Ransomware
The security vulnerabilities were discovered several months ago by security experts from Check Point Software Technologies. As is customary with reputable security companies, contact was first made with the affected manufacturer Canon at the end of March 2019. Canon’s confirmation of the vulnerabilities lasted until May 2019, when the companies worked together to close the vulnerabilities. Since July 2019 there is a working patch. A few days ago, the security gap was published by both parties. While Checkpoint Research’s website, provides details on the vulnerabilities, the English article is aimed more at a professional audience, Canon issued a security warning, and will gradually offer firmware updates for the 29 affected EOS series cameras (DSLR and mirrorless) and three PowerShot models. However, these updates are not listed centrally. So, typical for Japanese companies, Canon is as untransparent as possible. For example, a corresponding update for the EOS 80D (version 1.0.3) was already available one week before the vulnerability was released, but for the EOS 1D X Mark II or 6D there is no update (yet). Owners of the affected camera models should therefore keep their eyes open.
By the way, owners of cameras from other manufacturers should not lull themselves into safety. The vulnerabilities were discovered in the PTP protocol, a widely used standard for image transmission that other vendors have certainly implemented. There is also criticism that it is far too easy to decrypt the firmware and install another one on the camera. A popular example might be Magic Lantern, which provides various Canon cameras with additional functions. Just as Magic Lantern can access the camera functions, so can malicious software. Be it to transfer pictures unnoticed or to encrypt the contents of the memory card and to demand a ransom payment from the person concerned.